Window 15 – Sun


Lower Subject: Sun

Inscription:    “I Was Glad When They Said Unto Me, We Will Go Into The House Of The Lord”

Dedication:     From Victoria Stevens Wallace

Maker/Date:  Charles E. Hogemen, 1908. Easter, 1908

Description – The verse is from Psalm 122:1

A Song of Ascents. Of David.
1I was glad when they said to me,
   ‘Let us go to the house of the Lord!’ 
2Our feet are standing
   within your gates, O Jerusalem. 

3Jerusalem—built as a city
   that is bound firmly together. 
4To it the tribes go up,
   the tribes of the Lord,
as was decreed for Israel,
   to give thanks to the name of the Lord. 
5For there the thrones for judgement were set up,
   the thrones of the house of David. 

6Pray for the peace of Jerusalem:
   ‘May they prosper who love you. 
7Peace be within your walls,
   and security within your towers.’ 
8For the sake of my relatives and friends
   I will say, ‘Peace be within you.’ 
9For the sake of the house of the Lord our God,
   I will seek your good.

David wrote it for the people to sing at the time of their goings up to the holy feasts at Jerusalem. It comes third in the series, and appears to be suitable to be sung when the people had entered the gates, and their feet stood within the city. It was most natural that they should sing of Jerusalem itself, and invoke peace and prosperity upon the Holy City, for it was the centre of their worship, and the place where the Lord revealed himself above the mercy seat. Possibly the city was not all built in David’s day, but he wrote under the spirit of prophecy, and spoke of it as it would be in the age of Solomon; a poet has license to speak of things, not only as they are, but as they will be when they come to their perfection. Jerusalem, or the Habitation of Peace, is used as the key word of this Psalm, wherein we have in the original many happy allusions to the salem, or peace, which they implored upon Jerusalem. When they stood within the triple walls, all things around the pilgrims helped to explain the words which they sang within her ramparts of strength. One voice led the Psalm with its personal “I, ” but ten thousand brethren and companions united with the first musician and swelled the chorus of the strain.

David’s heart was in the worship of God, and he was delighted when he found others inviting him to go where his desires had already gone: it helps the ardour of the most ardent to hear others inviting them to a holy duty. The word was not “go, “but “let us go”; hence the ear of the Psalmist found a double joy in it. He was glad for the sake of others:glad that they wished to go themselves, glad that they had the courage and liberality to invite others.

Techniques –  The Wallace windows use similar glass around a center symbols  arranged in five rows of stone with the central theme in the middle. Surrounding the symbol are two concentric circles of stones. Within each row are different shapes of glass. The effect is traditional without any special treatment of the glass or painting

Symbol  – Sun is symbolic of Christ. It is also a symbol of truth  From the prophecy of Malachi 4 -“But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with the healing in his wings.”  Sun and moon are used as attributes of the Virgin I Mary, referring to the “woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet’ (Revlation:12:1. Sun and moon are often represented in scenes of the Cruxifixion to indicate the sorrow of all creation at the death of Christ.


Upper Subject:  Moon and Stars

Inscription:    “Lord, I Have Loved The Habitation Of Thy House And The Place Where Thine Honor Dwelleth”

Dedication:     From Victoria Stevens Wallace

Maker/Date:   Charles E. Hogemen, 1908. Easter, 1908

Description  –  This is from Psalm 26:8

1Vindicate me, O Lord,
   for I have walked in my integrity,
   and I have trusted in the Lord without wavering. 
2Prove me, O Lord, and try me;
   test my heart and mind. 
3For your steadfast love is before my eyes,
   and I walk in faithfulness to you.* 

4I do not sit with the worthless,
   nor do I consort with hypocrites; 
5I hate the company of evildoers,
   and will not sit with the wicked. 

6I wash my hands in innocence,
   and go around your altar, O Lord, 
7singing aloud a song of thanksgiving,
   and telling all your wondrous deeds. 

8O Lord, I love the house in which you dwell,
   and the place where your glory abides. 
9Do not sweep me away with sinners,
   nor my life with the bloodthirsty, 
10those in whose hands are evil devices,
   and whose right hands are full of bribes. 

11But as for me, I walk in my integrity;
   redeem me, and be gracious to me. 
12My foot stands on level ground;
   in the great congregation I will bless the Lord.

This appeal to heaven my have been  written by David at the time of the assassination of Ishbosheth, by Baanah and Rechab, to protest his innocence of all participation in that treacherous murder; the tenor of the Psalm certainly agrees with the supposed occasion, but it is not possible with such a slender clue to go beyond conjecture.

Symbol – Moon and Stars

To the Greeks and Roman, stars were divinities, a belief derived from  Persua and Babylonia.

Heavenly bodies identified with gods to be worshipped according to the advice of astrologiers. The gods as planetary figures may be represented by a star on their brow.

Christianity absorbed this idea. Christ is described as the “bright star of dawn” (Revelation 22:16)

Early Renaissance art often shows a star on the shoulder of the Virginia’s cloak. Virgin Mary is crowned with a circle of stars. Star led the magi to the birth of Christ. The ‘ancient’ Christ of the Book of Revelation held 7 stars in his right hand